PERIANDERCorynth, approx. 625 - 587 B.C.
A tyrant of Ancient Corinth. It is said that his cruelty had no limits, and that he was responsible for the death of his wife Mellisi, that being the reason of going to war with his father in law Prokleus, tyrant of Epidaurus. During his reign, Corinth reached the peak of its strength and wealth. Many of the descriptions that the ancient writers give us of the tyrants' administration are doubtful. Periandrus supported zealously peaceful deeds, gave a boost to trade and seafaring. One of his plans was to cut Peloponnesus from Attica, building the Corinth Canal, a work that was conceived again and completed almost 2000 years later by the New Hellenic state. Poets and artists were well protected under his authority, and his wisdom made the Athenians call him as a judge in their disputes with the Mitelenians. He was well respected in his time, and thus he is considered one of the Seven Sages.